|Periods||Late Bronze age|
Zorah was mentioned together with Ajalon in the Amarna letters as a city attacked by the Apiru. Zorah has been identified with the biblical Zoreah (Joshua 15:33), and is the birthplace of Samson. Judges 13:2 states:
- "there was a certain man from Zorah, of the family of the Danites, whose name was Manoah".
The Palestinian village Sar'a was located in the presumed location of the ancient town. It was depopulated during the 1948 Arab–Israeli War. Conder and Kitchener, describing the site in 1881, said that, with the exception of the olive groves to the north of the village, the low hill on which the village lies is "bare and white," a place now planted with a pine forest by the Jewish National Fund.
Caves, tombs, cisterns and a winepress were discovered at Tel Tzora. Two winepresses were carved into the rock, one of which was paved with mosaic.
- The Palestine Exploration Fund Quarterly Statement, London 1871, p. 93
- Judges 13:2
- Josephus, Antiquities (v.ix.§ 12)
- Conder and Kitchener, Survey of Western Palestine (vol. III), London 1883, p. 26
- Hanauer, J. E. (1885). "The Rock Altar of Zorah". Palestine Exploration Quarterly. 17 (3): 183–184. doi:10.1179/peq.18220.127.116.11. ISSN 0031-0328.
- Elitzur, Yael; Nir-Zevi, Doran (2003). "A Rock-Hewn Altar Near Shiloh". Palestine Exploration Quarterly. 135 (1): 30–36. doi:10.1179/peq.2003.135.1.30. ISSN 0031-0328.